Indigenous activists have always been front and center in protecting the Earth and its resources, and we can all learn from their deep spiritual, cultural and economic connections with the land. But despite the considerable impact climate change has on Indigenous cultures, they’re often marginalized and discriminated against when it comes to their rights and territories. Here are five Indigenous climate activists that are fighting back in big ways. If their names aren’t already in your lexicon, it’s only a matter of time.

Autumn Peltier 

At just 18, Autumn Peltier is a force to be reckoned with. The Anishinaabe activist from Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory in Ontario, Canada, has been advocating for the preservation of drinking water for Indigenous communities for a decade. When she was only eight years old, Peltier noticed signs of toxicity while attending a water ceremony in Ontario’s Serpent River First Nation, an experience that helped propel her role as an advocate for clean drinking water in Indigenous communities worldwide. Along with campaigning for the universal right to clean drinking water, she’s been working to ensure communities have access to it ever since.

Created by David Bernie, a Chicago-based Indigenous artist of the Ihanktonwan Dakota Oyate (“People of the End Village”).

“It’s time to ‘warrior up’, stop polluting the planet and give water the same rights and protections as human beings.” That’s the message Autumn Peltier delivered personally to the United Nations General Assembly. This was created in her honor, by © David Bernie, a Chicago-based Indigenous artist of the Ihanktonwan Dakota Oyate (“People of the End Village”).

In 2016, Peltier presented Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau with a copper water pot at a meeting of the Assembly of First Nations and confronted him on both his water protection policies and his support for pipelines. This incident led to the creation of the Niabi Odacidae fund for clean water.

Along with youth advocacy, another key element of Peltier’s work is environmental justice activism, addressing the unjust exposure of Canada’s Indigenous communities to environmental hazards, including contaminated water. Today she’s the chief water commissioner for the Anishinabek Nation, a role that she took on after the passing of her great-aunt, Josephine Mandamin, whose own activism work was one of Peltier’s main inspirations.

Fridays 4 Future protest inside COP25

“Fridays 4 Future” protest inside COP25. © John Englart

Peltier’s received numerous nominations for the International Children’s Peace Prize, including one in 2022, and has received plenty of other accolades ranging from the 2017 Ontario Newspaper Association’s Ontario Junior Citizens Award to being a part of BBC’s 100 Women list for 2019.

The Water Walker is a 2019 short documentary highlighting Peltier’s journey as she prepares to speak at the United Nations General Assembly regarding water protection.

You can follow her on Instagram at @autumn.peltier.

Dallas Goldtooth

Indigenous community members gathered outside Minneapolis City Hall to protest the Dakota Access Pipeline

Indigenous community members and supporters gathered outside Minneapolis City Hall to protest the Dakota Access Pipeline © Fibonacci Blue

Dallas Goldtooth is a man of many hats. Not only does the 39-year-old climate activist oversee Keep it in the Ground, a campaign of over 400 organizations from more than 60 countries, all calling on world leaders to end new fossil fuel development, but he’s also a comedian. Goldtooth is co-founder of the Indigenous sketch comedy group, The 1491s, which highlights contemporary Native American life in the U.S. and is an actor and writer in FX’s series Reservation Dogs, a show about the exploits of four Indigenous teens.

For his work with Keep It In The Ground, Goodtooth—who’s of Mdewakanton Dakota & Dińe heritage—was featured as a part of 2017’s Grist 50, an annual list of climate and justice leaders focused on solutions to some of the world’s biggest environmental issues. He gathered a large group of Indigenous people, farmers, green organizers and groups that helped convince President Obama to dismiss the controversial Keystone XL Pipeline. He is now fighting against the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, a 1,172-mile-long underground system that—if built—would interfere with sacred sites and potentially contaminate local water supplies.

Keep it in the Ground is one of several campaigns run by the Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN), an organization of Indigenous, grassroots environmental justice activists. Goldtooth’s father, Tom B.K. Goldtooth, is IEN’s founder and executive director.

Learn more about Goldtooth on Instagram at @dallasgoldtooth.

Mina Susana Setra

Mina Susana Setra is an Indigenous Dayak Pompakng from the Indonesian section of Borneo, where forests have long been a source of food, medicine, and supplies for her people. However, the lands where Setra grew up were turned into palm oil plantations in 1976, completely altering the cultural and environmental landscape. Rather than sit tight, Setra decided to do something about it: by working with an organization dedicated to implementing policies that support and strengthen the rights of Indonesia’s Indigenous peoples.

Borneo Indonesia orangutan mother and baby endangered Sumatran primates

Endangered orangutan mother and baby in forests of Borneo, Indonesia

Since its founding in 1999, Mina Susana Setra has been an activist for the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of Nusantara (AMAN), an Indonesian Indigenous peoples’ human rights and advocacy organization that’s today made up of nearly 2,300 Indigenous communities and approximately 15 million people. AMAN also collaborates with NGOs and civil society networks supporting Indigenous peoples. She’s protested the exclusion of Indigenous people from governmental negotiations on forest and climate initiatives and worked on the global program Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), a framework for guiding activities to reduce emissions in forests, along with the sustainable management of forests in developing countries.

In 2012, Setra was instrumental in a review of the Forestry Law to the Constitutional Court, which led to the invalidation of the Indonesian government’s claim to customary forest areas. She’s also president of If Not Us Then Who, Inc., a global awareness campaign utilizing tools like photography, filmmaking, content curating, and local artworks to showcase the role Indigenous and local peoples play in planet protection.

Indigenous woman Borneo in traditional clothing

Indigenous woman celebrating her Bornean heritage

If this all isn’t enough, Setra is also a founder of Indonesia’s Ruai TV, which focuses on citizen journalism to give marginalized communities in West Kalimantan a voice.

She’s on Instagram at @minasetra.

Amelia Telford

When Amelia Telford graduated high school in 2012, the young Aboriginal and South Sea Islander woman from Bundjalung country (in Australia’s New South Wales) decided to take a bit of time away from her studies and focus on climate change — inspired by coastal erosion in her hometown — instead. The following year she took on the role of Indigenous coordinator for the Australian Youth Climate Coalition, Australia’s largest youth-run organization, aimed at building a movement of young people leading solutions to the climate crisis. While there, Telford developed a program that supports Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people in leading roles in climate action and in efforts to run sustainability projects in their local communities.

“Climate Guardian Angels” outside the U.S. consulate in Melbourne, Australia.

“Climate Guardian Angels” outside the U.S. consulate in Melbourne, Australia. © John Englart

The now 27-year-old is today the national director and founder of SEED, Australia’s first Indigenous youth climate network. First launched in 2014, the rapidly expanding organization of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youths has grown into a national network of Indigenous youth focused on creative, positive change and protecting their land and people from climate change impacts and fossil fuel extraction. Along with 13 other environmental groups, Seed was responsible for getting the country’s four largest banks to eliminate funding for a Queensland coal mine.

Two turtles against climate change - Melbourne rally for Climate Action

“Two turtles against climate change” Australian rally for Climate Action. © John Englart

In 2014, Telford was named the National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee’s (NAIDOC) Youth of the Year, followed by both Young Environmentalist of the Year for Australia’s Bob Brown Foundation and Australian Geographic’s Young Conservationist of the Year in 2015.

Keep up with her work at @ameliatelford.

Levi Sucre Romero

A farmer and Indigenous leader from Costa Rica, Levi Sucre Romero is a coordinator for the Mesoamerican Alliance of Peoples and Forests (MAPF). This organization helps ensure and protect the land rights of Indigenous and forest communities. He’s also an organizer and manager for the technical side of the RIBCA, a MAPF project representing eight Indigenous Costa Rican territories and their people.

tropical tree and roots in the jungle of Costa Rica Rain forest conservation

Romero, who comes from eastern Costa Rica’s Bribri Talamanca Indigenous community, has worked in rural development and community organization for over two decades. The Indigenous leader is a strong proponent in the fight against forest degradation, which causes the planet’s imbalance. This, he says, accelerates climate change and in turn limits the production of certain foods and increases the risk of health endemics such as Covid 19 due to the mismanagement of natural resources.

According to Romero, one possible solution is for governments to create more space for Indigenous knowledge regarding natural resource management policies. He believes traditional know-how can go a long way toward protecting biodiversity and, in turn, the world.

Costa Rica rain forest aerial photograph

Indigenous territories are increasingly under siege. A recent study in the U.S. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the situation in the Amazon concluded, “The trend toward weakening of environmental protections, Indigenous land rights, and the rule of law … poses an existential threat to [Indigenous peoples and local communities] and their territories. Reversing this trend is critical for the future of climate-buffering Amazon forests and the success of the Paris Agreement.”

“We know that 25% of the medicines [the world] uses come out of the forests and that by losing the forests, we put in danger future solutions,” said Sucre Romero. Variety and diversification are the alternatives, and the forests hold the keys.

Says Sucre Romero, “I believe that Costa Rica is a reflection of what is happening regionally: The governments have not been able to understand that the communities — that is, the people, the Indigenous people, those of us who live with the forest — are a key factor in the protection of those resources and a key factor of human survival. Politicians just do not understand.”

Costa Rica three-toed sloth And baby

Costa Rica three-toed sloth and baby © Ben Hulsey