Our Trips

Polar Bear Tours

Polar Bear Tours

African Safaris

African Safaris

Galapagos Cruises & Tours

Galapagos Cruises & Tours

Alaska & Northern Adventures

Alaska & Northern Adventures

U.S. National Parks Tours

U.S. National Parks Tours

Asia & Pacific Adventures

Asia & Pacific Adventures

Mexico & Central America Tours

Mexico & Central America Tours

South America Adventures

South America Adventures

Europe Adventures

Europe Adventures

Antarctica & Arctic Journeys

Antarctica & Arctic Journeys

Adventure Cruises

Adventure Cruises

Photo Adventures

Photo Adventures

Family Adventures

Family Adventures

New Adventures

New Adventures

Get eNews Updates

Privacy Policy

Questions? Call 800-543-8917

Get the Catalog

Asian Elephant Facts | India Wildlife Guide

The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia and is considered endangered, with between 25,000 and 33,000 left in the wild. The Asian elephant tends to grow to around 7 to 12 feet in height and weighs between 6,500 and 11,000 pounds.

There are many differences between the Asian and African elephant. The Asian elephant is smaller than its African counterpart. It has smaller ears, only one semi-prehensile “finger” at the tip of its trunk instead of two, four nails on each hind foot as opposed to three, 19 pairs of ribs rather than 21, and a more arched back. Additionally, while the foreheads of African elephants are flat, the Asian elephant’s forehead has two hemispherical bulges. The female Asian elephant usually lacks tusks; if tusks are present (in which case they are called “tushes”), they are barely visible and only seen when the female opens her mouth. Asian elephant males may also lack tusks. Called makhnas, these elephants are particularly common in the Sri Lankan elephant population.

Asian elephants are widely domesticated and are used for forestry, tourism and ceremonial purposes; however, wild elephants can be seen as well. In the wild, elephant herds follow seasonal migration routes. It is the oldest elephant’s task to remember and follow the traditional migration routes, which are defined around the monsoon seasons, frequently between the wet and dry zones. Farmers’ crops are often destroyed along these well-worn routes, and it is not uncommon for elephants to be killed in the resulting conflicts.

On average, Asian elephants live 60 years in the wild and 80 years in captivity. They consume 10 percent of their body weight each day, which for adults is between 375 and 450 pounds of food. They need 21 to 53 gallons of water per day and use more for bathing. They sometimes scrape the soil, as they search for minerals.
See Asian Elephants on These Nature Adventures
Repeater Layout : vertical-2up
The Grand India Wildlife Adventure

The Grand India Wildlife Adventure

Look for Bengal tigers and other exotic animals as we discover India’s wild side, on this in-depth exploration of three premier national parks. You won't find a richer Indian nature safari!
12 Days / Nov – Apr, From $9495 (+air)
Sri Lanka Wildlife & Cultural Treasures
New Exploratory Trip!

Sri Lanka Wildlife & Cultural Treasures

In this biodiversity hotspot, virgin rain forests shelter monkeys and tropical birds while gigantic blue whales cruise offshore. Discover World Heritage wonders of nature and culture found nowhere else.
11 Days / Jan – Mar, From $9995
New Exploratory Trip!
Know Before You Go

Get Weekly Updates

Our weekly eNewsletter highlights new adventures, exclusive offers, webinars, nature news, travel ideas, photography tips and more.
Privacy Policy
We're Proud of the Reputation We’ve Earned
Outside
Voted "World's Best Travel
Company"
by Outside Magazine
Outside
Natural Habitat Adventures Ranked
“Best Outfitter”
NatGeo
Voted Best Winter Trip: Natural Habitat Adventures' Monarch Butterfly Migration, Mexico
VIEW MORE AWARDS
Natural Habitat Adventures 2019 Catalog
GET THE CATALOG
Natural Habitat & WWF – Discovering Our Planet Together
WWF Logo
Get Weekly Updates
Our weekly eNewsletter highlights new adventures, exclusive offers, webinars, nature news, travel ideas, photography tips and more.
Privacy Policy
/know-before-you-go/asia-the-pacific/india/wildlife-guide/asian-elephant/
Physical Requirements