Iceland Wildlife Guide
Icelandic waters are rich with marine life, including seals, whales, dolphins and over three hundred species of fish. Minke whales and humpback whales are common, as are harbor seals, grey seals, and a few types of porpoises and dolphins. Blue whales, orcas, fin whales, pilot whales and sperm whales can occasionally be spotted during certain times of the year. Most of this marine life can be seen in the Westfjords.
A total of 75 bird species regularly nest in Iceland, although about 330 species have been recorded (some are common passage migrants or winter visitors), but are slow to establish themselves permanently. Iceland is a migratory paradise with birds migrating from Europe, Africa and South America, and often building nests along Iceland’s rocky sea cliffs in which to lay their eggs. Puffin, fulmars, Arctic terns, common eiders, and a variety of gull species are the most common birds found along Iceland’s coastline.
Click the links below to learn more about each species.