Correct Answer: All of the above
Explanation: World Wildlife Fund endeavors to conserve Alaska’s wilderness in its effort to protect Bristol Bay. Bristol Bay provides habitat for 29 species of fish, more than 190 bird species, and more than 40 terrestrial animals, including bald eagles, moose, brown bears, wolves, seals and whales. The world’s largest salmon fishery, Bristol Bay hosts runs of all five salmon species, and 46 percent of the world’s wild sockeye salmon rely on this critical watershed. Salmon is an important subsistence food and is regarded as the lifeblood of the Yup’ik, Dena’ina, and Alutiiq peoples. There are 25 tribal councils in Bristol Bay, and salmon is an integral part of these indigenous communities’ cultural traditions.
One of the most significant threats to Bristol Bay is Pebble Mine, a proposed open-pit gold and copper mine that would contaminate the waters of this crucial watershed. Capable of generating up to 10 billion tons of toxic mine waste, it would devastate indigenous people’s traditional way of life, destroy pristine river systems and disrupt the habitats of endangered species. WWF is partnering with Alaskan organizations to build community support and is playing an active role in educating the US government on the importance of Bristol Bay as a livelihood of the Alaskan people and sanctuary for wildlife.
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Photo Credit: WWF-US/Megan Chinsky