Chamois Facts | Croatia & Slovenia Wildlife Guide
Like the ibex, chamois have horns not antlers, which means they grow continuously over the lifespan. Unlike the ibex, where one can easily distinguish between males and females, both sexes of chamois have similarly sized horns. Female horns are slightly slenderer and straighter, while male horns curve backward.
Rutting takes place in November, when males often engage in brutal fighting for females. Sounds and smells play an important role in the mating and fighting process. They also facilitate communication throughout the year, with male chamois rubbing their horns on branches and twigs leaving a secretion from glands behind the horns.
This allows males, who live solitary lives, to be aware of each other’s presence. Females live in small herds with their young. Hunting, loss of habitat, lack of food and disease pose the greatest threat to the species.