Indian Wild Dog Facts | Bhutan & Nepal Wildlife Guide
The Indian wild dog can survive in a wide array of environments. An adaptable animal, it is found in dense rainforests and moist and dry deciduous forests, which provide thick cover for hunting, as well alpine, evergreen and thorn scrub forests. During the day, Indian wild dogs roam open spaces and can be found in meadows, jungle clearings, steppes, grasslands and on the banks of rivers.
The Indian wild dog primarily hunts during the day, and it also hunts at night. On its own, it will hunt small prey, such as fawns and hares, but at times it may hunt in pairs and will kill medium-sized ungulates, such as deer. It drinks frequently after eating and will actively search for a water source once finished. Although the majority of food is hunted, it will sometimes scavenge from leopard and tiger kills.
Like the wolf, the Indian wild dog is a highly social and cooperative animal and often lives in extended family packs of 5 to 12 individuals, with more males than females (usually there is just one breeding female). There is a strict social hierarchy within the pack, so fighting and aggression rarely occur.
The Indian wild dog has some extraordinary vocalizations that warn members of the pack of danger. Its repetitive whistles are so distinct that they can identify individual members of the pack.
Habitat destruction is a significant threat to the estimated 2,500 Indian wild dogs remaining in the wild. They are found mainly in protected reserves and wildlife sanctuaries. Populations are expected to continue to decline due to habitat loss.