Asian Elephant Facts | Bhutan & Nepal Wildlife Guide
There are many differences between the Asian and African elephant. The Asian elephant is smaller than its African counterpart. It has smaller ears, only one semi-prehensile “finger” at the tip of its trunk instead of two, four nails on each hind foot as opposed to three, 19 pairs of ribs rather than 21, and a more arched back. Additionally, while the foreheads of African elephants are flat, the Asian elephant’s forehead has two hemispherical bulges. The female Asian elephant usually lacks tusks; if tusks are present (in which case they are called “tushes”), they are barely visible and only seen when the female opens her mouth. Asian elephant males may also lack tusks. Called
Asian elephants are widely domesticated and are used for forestry, tourism
On average, Asian elephants live 60 years in the wild and 80 years in captivity. They consume 10 percent of their body weight each day, which for adults is between 375 and 450 pounds of food. They need 21 to 53 gallons of water per day and use more for bathing. They sometimes scrape the soil, as they search for minerals.