Jackal & Fox Facts | Southern Africa Wildlife Guide
CANID SOCIETYCanids are very social animals. Their basic social unit is a pair—either permanent or temporary, only staying together for a few seasons. Occasionally, they also match up with young born that year or with some of the previous year’s offspring.
BREEDINGPair formation begins with consorting and mutual grooming some months before actual mating takes place. Behavioral observations indicate that pairs tend to last beyond one
The young are born helpless and will stay in the safety of the burrow, suckled by their mother. When they emerge from the den, they continue to
FEEDING HABITSCooperative hunting is important for jackals and their kin, although perhaps is not as sophisticated as the hunting techniques of lions, hyenas and wild dogs. In general, jackals and foxes are opportunistic carnivores. They will feed on almost anything that they can catch or unearth, including small vertebrates, invertebrates of any size, young animals, eggs, carrion and even some fruits. Only bat-eared foxes show a tendency towards specialization, with 80 percent of their diet consisting mainly of termites and other insects.
Scavenging is one of the key elements of a jackal’s search for food. As many as 30 jackals can be seen, often along with vultures, at the fringes of a lion or hyena kill, waiting for a chance to dash in and grab a piece of meat from the carcass.
Photo Credit: Matt Godard
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