The variety of habitats in New Zealand allow for a diverse array of flora and fauna to thrive; its isolation has encouraged endemism, giving rise to unique species such as the kiwi, takahe and tuatara. The marine environment of New Zealand is as unique as its land areas. New Zealand fur seals, Fiordland crested penguins and dusky dolphins frequent the waters, along with the rarest penguin and dolphin species in the world—the yellow-eyed penguin and Maui's dolphin. You can also see seabirds such as the royal albatross, sponges, corals and fish of sub-tropical and deep-water varieties. From lush rain forests to the coast, this captivating island holds many wildlife gems.