Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey Facts | China Wildlife Guide
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTIONSnub-nosed monkeys have golden-orange foreheads, necks
MATING & REPRODUCTIONFemales reach sexual maturity at 4 or 5 years old, while males become mature at 7 years of age. These monkeys are polygynous: dominant males mate with several females. The mating season typically lasts from September to November; however,
BEHAVIORThese highly social primates display a behavior known as fission and fusion, which is the seasonal formation and splitting of groups. Golden snub-nosed monkeys form units of between 20 and 70 monkeys during the winter. These subgroups typically consist of family units, which are composed of one dominant male and about four females with their young. During warmer months, the monkeys will often come together in troops of up to 200 individuals, sometimes forming even larger bands of 600. Fission and fusion is an uncommon practice among other primates.
COMMUNICATIONGolden snub-nosed monkeys are very vocal, producing 18 types of calls. These primates have a remarkable ability to communicate in a ventriloquist-like manner, showing no visible sign of moving their mouth. However, their vocalizations often correspond with facial movements. Whines, shrills, moans
FOOD HABITSThese monkeys are folivores, feeding on the leaves of broadleaf trees as well as pine and fir needles. They also eat flower buds, seeds, bark, fruit, insects, wild onions and grasses. During colder months, their diet is more limited, consisting mostly of lichen and bark.
CONSERVATION STATUSGolden snub-nosed monkeys are endangered, primarily due to habitat loss and fragmentation. Deforestation is harming this tree-dwelling species, and it risks losing its forest home and food sources to agricultural expansion. Illegal hunting also poses a severe threat, as the monkeys are poached for their fur, meat
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