In Nepal, large tracts of forested land have been preserved as national parks and wildlife reserves, where endangered species, like the royal Bengal tiger and the greater one-horned rhinoceros, roam freely along with an amazing variety of mammals and reptiles including sloth bear, Indian leopard, striped hyena, wild boar, Asian elephant, monitor lizards, crocodiles, pythons, turtles and various species of insects and birds. Nepal is also home to almost ten percent of the world’s bird species, among which, 500 species are found in the Kathmandu valley alone.
Bhutan is home to more than 770 species of birds, 200 species of mammals (including the takin, Bhutan's national animal), and 5,500 species of plants. While in other parts of the Himalayas the destruction of forests and loss of habitats have severely reduced wildlife populations, Bhutan harbors many endangered species, mainly due to the intact forests and the fact that this small country stretches from the subtropics in the south to the perennially frozen regions in the north.
Click the links below to learn more about each species.